Regrounding Populism: Moving Beyond Questions of Definition and Content
Keywords:Political articulation, Gramsci, Strategic depoliticization, Economic crisis
While conventional studies of electoral populism acknowledge that such mobilizations are linked tosignificant economic crises, their preoccupation with defining what exactly populism is often leads them to downplay the unified structural roots of different sorts of populistmobilizations. Thisessaypresents the beginnings of an alternative framework for the study of electoral populism that draws on the neo-Gramscian theory of political articulation that links studies of global economic crises with conventional theories of populism.While crisesare an endemic feature of global capitalism, their political manifestation is shaped bythe variedinstitutional structures and legacies in which they are translated.
Andrews, Edmund. 2008. "As Talk of Recession Grows, Republicans and Democrats Differ on Response." The New York Times, January 15.
Aslanidis, Paris. 2018. "Populism as a Collective Action Master Frame for Transnational Mobilization." Sociological Forum 33 (2):443-464.
BAGEHOT. 2017. "One Nation Under May: A Brief History of One-Nation Conservatism." The Economist, May 9; https://http://www.economist.com/bagehots-notebook/2017/05/09/a-brief-history-of-one-nation-conservatism.
Begg, Iain. 2009. "Regulation and Supervision of Financial Intermediaries in the EU: The Aftermath of the Financial Crisis." Journal of Common Market Studies 47 (5):1107-1128.
Block, Fred. 2018. Capitalism: The Future of an Illusion. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Burnham, Peter. 2001. "New Labour and the Politics of Depoliticisation." British Journal of Politics and International Relations 3 (2):127-149.
Clarke, John, and Janet Newman. 2017. "'People in this Country Have Had Enough Experts': Brexit and the Paradoxes of Populism." Critical Policy Studies 11 (1):101-116.
Clarke, Simon. 2005. "The Neoliberal Theory of Society." Pp. 50-59 in Neoliberalism: A Critical Reader, A. Saad-Filho and D. Johnston, eds. London, UK and Ann Arbor, MI: Pluto Press.
Clift, Ben, and Cornelia Woll. 2012. "Economic Patriotism: Reinventing Control Over Open Markets." Journal of European Public Policy 19 (3):307-323.
de Leon, Cedric. 2017. "Crisis Politics: Comparing the Decline of "Inclusive" Racial Democracy in the U.S. Secession Crisis and the Election of Donald Trump." Sociology Speaker Series at McGill University, Montreal, Canada, March 17.
de Leon, Cedric, Manali Desai, and Chian Tugal. 2009. "Political Articulation: Parties and the Constitution of Cleavages in the United States, India, and Turkey." Sociological Theory 27 (3):193-219.
de Leon, Cedric, Manali Desai, and Chian Tugal. 2015. "Poltical Articulation: The Structured Creativity of Parties." Pp. 1-36 in Building Blocs: How Parties Organize Society, C. de Leon, M. Desai and C. Tugal, eds. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Disraeli, Benjamin. 1980 . Sybil: Or, The Two Nations, Penguin Classics. London, UK: Penguin.
Elliott, Larry. 2017. "Gordon Brown: Bankers Should Have Been Jailed for Role in Financial Crisis." The Guardian, October 30; https://http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/oct/31/gordon-brown-bankers-should-have-been-jailed-for-role-in-financial-crisis.
Evans, Geoffrey, and Jon Mellon. 2016. "Working Class Votes and Conservative Losses: Solving the UKIP Puzzle." Parliamentary Affairs 69 (2):464-479.
Farrell, Henry, and Abraham Newman. 2017. "BREXIT, Voice and Loyalty: Rethinking Electoral Politics in an Age of Interdependence." Review of International Political Economy 24 (2):232-247.
Ford, Robert, Matthew J. Goodwin, and David Cutts. 2012. "Strategic Eurosceptics and Polite Xenophobes: Support for the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) in the 2009 European Parliament Elections." European Journal of Political Research 51 (2):204-234.
Galston, William. 2017. "The Populist Moment." Journal of Democracy 28 (2):21-33.
Gifford, Chris. 2014. "The People Against Europe: The Eurosceptic Challenge to the United Kingdom's Coalition Government." Journal of Common Market Studies 52 (3):512-528.
Glencross, Andrew. 2016. Why the UK Voted for Brexit: David Cameron's Great Miscalculation. London, UK: Springer.
Hacker, Jacob. 2006. The Great Risk Shift: The New Economic Insecurity and the Decline of the American Dream. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Hall, Stuart. 1988. The Hard Road to Renewal: Thatcherism and the Crisis of the Left. London, UK: Verso.
Harvey, David. 2010. The Enigma of Capital: And the Crises of Capitalism: Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Harvey, David. 2014. Seventeen Contradictions and the End of Capitalism. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Hay, Colin. 1996. "Narrating Crisis: The Discursive Construction of the 'Winter of Discontent'." Sociology 30 (2):253-277.
Hay, Colin. 2004. "The Normalizing Role of Rationalist Assumptions in the Institutional Embeddeding of Neoliberalism." Economy and Society 33 (4):500-527.
Hodson, Dermot, and Deborah Mabbett. 2009. "UK Economic Policy and the Global Financial Crisis: Paradigm Lost?" Journal of Common Market Studies 47 (5):1041-1061.
Hodson, Dermot, and Lucia Quaglia. 2009. "European Perspectives on the Global Financial Crisis." Journal of Common Market Studies 47 (5):939-953.
Inglehart, R.F., and P. Norris. 2016. "Trump, Brexit, and the Rise of Populism: Economic Have-Nots and Cultural Backlash." Faculty Research Working Paper Series, Harvard University John F. Kennedy School of Government, Cambridge, MA.
Inglehart, Ronald F., and Pippa Norris. 2017. "Trump and Populist-Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse." Perspectives on Politics 15 (2):443-454.
Jansen, Robert. 2017. Revolutionizing Repertoires: The Rise of Populist Mobilization in Peru. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Judis, John B. 2016. The Populist Explosion: How the Great Recession Transformed American and European Politics. New York, NY: Columbia Global Reports.
Krastev, Ivan. 2007. "The Populist Moment." Critique & Humanism:
Youth, Civic Action and Protest, September 18.
Kreisi, Hanspeter, and Takis S. Pappas, eds. 2015. European Populism in the Shaddow of the Great Recession, Studies in European Political Science. Colchester, UK: ECPR Press.
Lind, Michael. 1996. Up From Conservatism: Why the Right is Wrong for America. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
Love, Nancy, and Mark Mattern. 2011. "The Great Recession: Causes, Consequences, and Responses." New Political Science 33 (4):401-411.
MacLeavy, Julie. 2011. "A 'New Politics' of Austerity, Workfare and Gender? The UK Coalition Government's Welfare Reform Proposals." Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 4 (3):355-367.
Mény, Yves, and Yves Surel. 2002. "The Constitutive Ambiguity of Populism." Pp. 1-23 in Democracies and the Populist Challenge, Y.
Mény and Y. Surel, eds. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Mudde, Cas. 2004. "The Populist Zeitgeist." Government and Opposition 39 (4):541-563.
Mudde, Cas. 2016. "Europe's Populist Surge: A Long Time in the Making." Foreign Affairs 95 (6):25-30.
O'Hara, Mary. 2015. Austerity Bites: A Journey to the Sharp End of Cuts in the UK. Bristol, UK: Policy Press.
Owen, Erica, and Stefanie Walter. 2017. "Open Economy Politics and Brexit: Insights, Puzzles, and Ways Forward." Review of International Political Economy 24 (2):179-202.
Pauly, Louis. 2009. "The Old and the New Politics of International Financial Stability." Journal of Common Market Studies 47 (5):955-975.
Rodrik, Dani. 2017. "Populism and the Econoics of Globalization." NBER Working Paper Series, Cambridge, MA.
Rodrik, Dai. 2018. "Populism and the Economics of Globalization." Journal of International Business Policy 1 (1-2):12-33.
Romano, Flavio. 2007. Clinton and Blair: The Political Economy of the Third Way. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.
Seawright, David. 2010. The British Conservative Party and One Nation Politics. New York, NY: Continuum.
Silver, Beverly J. 2003. Forces of Labor: Workers' Movements and Globalization Since 1870. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Taguieff, Pierre-André. 1995. "Political Science Confronts Populism: From a Conceptual Mirage to a Real Problem." Telos 1995 (103):9-43.
Tyrrell, Ian. 2016. "What, exactly is 'American exceptionalism'?" The Week, October 21.
Vail, Mark I. 2015. "Between One-Nation Toryism and Neoliberalism: The Dilemmas of British Conservatism and Britain's Evolving Place in Europe." Journal of Common Market Studies 53 (1):106-122.
Weyland, Kurt. 2001. "Clarifying a Contested Concept: Populism in the Study of Latin American Politics." Comparative Politics 34 (1):1-22.
Zuesse, Eric. 2013. "Why Republicans' Explanation of the 2008 Crash is Dangeriously False." Business Insider, February 8.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term “Work” shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
- Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution—other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a prepublication manuscript (but not the Publisher’s final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher’s request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author’s own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- the Work is the Author’s original work;
- the Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- the Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- the Work has not previously been published;
- the Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- the Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author’s breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 6 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher’s use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
Revised 7/16/2018. Revision Description: Removed outdated link.