Geoeconomic Uses of Global Warming: The “Green” Technological Revolution and the Role of the Semi-Periphery

Diego Hurtado, Pablo Souza

Abstract


While some semi-peripheral countries have seen renewable energies as an opportunity to build their industrial and technological capacities, core countries and global governance organizations have been promoting “green growth.” Since the 2008 global financial crisis, global warming has been used as a catalyst for big business. As the global economy may be entering the first stage of a “green” technology revolution, neo-Schumpeterian economists have regained visibility. We intend to show how, as a consequence of the lack of a world-systemic perspective, crucial inconsistencies arise in neo-Schumpeterian contributions that weaken their conceptualization of the role of non-core economies in technological change. We examine the case of the tortuous trajectory of wind energy in Argentina to show the specific organizational, institutional, and macroeconomic constraints faced by a semi-peripheral economy as it attempts to develop its own technological and industrial capacities. The neo-Schumpeterian view of the “green industrial revolution” must be understood as valid only for the core-economy subsystem, which seems to require as well polarization of the world-system through what we call “semi-peripheral neoliberalism,” a peripheralizing force upon the semi-periphery necessary in order to rejuvenate core economies.


Keywords


Global warming; Green industrial revolution; Semi-periphery; neo-Schumpeterian economics; semiperipheral neoliberalism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aguilar, Soledad. 2014. “La promoción de energías renovables en Argentina: el caso Genren.” Puentes 15(5), July 14. In: http://www.ictsd.org/bridges-news/puentes/news/la-promoci%C3%B3n-de-energ%C3%ADas-renovables-en-argentina-el-caso-genren. Retrieved December 26, 2016.

Angelo, Claudio. 2017. “Brazilian scientists reeling as federal funds slashed by nearly half.” Nature. doi:10.1038/nature.2017.21766.

Amsden, Alice. 2001. The Rise of “The Rest”: Challenges to the West from Late Industrializing Economies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Aquila, Giancarlo, Edson de Oliveira Pamplona, Anderson Rodrigo de Queiroz, Paulo Rotela Junior and Marcelo Nunes Fonseca. 2017. “An overview of incentive policies for the expansion of renewable energy generation in electricity power systems and the Brazilian experience.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 70:1090-1098.

Arrighi, Giovanni and Jessica Drangel. 1986. “The Stratification of the World-Economy: An Exploration of the Semiperipheral Zone.” Review 10(1):9-74.

Azpiazu, Daniel and Martín Schorr. 2010. Hecho en Argentina. Industria y economía, 1976-2007. Buenos Aires: Siglo Veintiuno.

Babones, Salvatore. 2005. “The Country-Level Income Structure of the World-Economy.” Journal of World-Systems Research 11(1):29-55.

Baker, Lucy and Benjamin Sovacool. 2017. “The political economy of technological capabilities and global production networks in South Africa's wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) industries.” Political Geography 60:1-12.

Basualdo, Eduardo. 2006. Estudios de historia económica argentina. Buenos Aires: Siglo Veintiuno.

Bernal, Federico. 2016. “La ‘pesada herencia’ en renovables y la velocidad de diversificación de la matriz.” OETEC, November 8. In: http://oetec.org/nota.php?id=2172&area=1. Retrieved January 08, 2017.

Block, Fred. 2008. “Swimming Against the Current: The Rise of a Hidden Developmental State in the United States.” Politics and Society 20(10):1-38.

Bond, Patrick. 2012. Politics of Climate Justice Paralysis Above, Movement Below. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.

Brahic, Catherine and David Dickson. 2005. “Helping the poor: the real challenge of nanotech.” SciDev.Net, Februry 21. In:

http://www.scidev.net/global/technology/editorials/helping-the-poor-the-real-challenge-of-nanotech.html. Retrieved October 25, 2014.

Brendstrup, Hugo. 2009. “¿Por qué todavía no tenemos grandes parques eólicos?” April. In: http://www.invap.com.ar/es/la-empresa/responsabilidad-social-empresaria/194-la-empresa/columna-de-opinion/432-ipor-que-todavia-no-tenemos-grandes-parques-eolicos.html. Retrieved November 21, 2016.

Calleja, Gustavo. 2005. “La política energética del gobierno de Raúl Alfonsín (II).” Realidad Económica 214:105-128.

Cassiolato, José and Helena Lastres. 2008. “Discussing innovation and development: Converging points between the Latin American school and the Innovation Systems perspective?” GLOBELICS, Working Paper Series No. 08-02.

Chang, Ha-Joon. 2008. Bad Samaritans. The Myth of Free Trade and the Secret History of Capitalism. New York: Bloomsbury.

Chase-Dunn, Christopher. 1998. Global Formation. Structures of the World-Economy, Updated Edition. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing.

Chernus, Ira. 2002. Eisenhower’s Atoms for Peace. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press.

Cimoli, M., J. Ferraz and A. Primi. 2005. “Science and technology polices in open economies: The case of Latin America and the Caribbean.” Serie de Desarrollo Productivo y Empresarial, ECLAC-UN, Santiago Chile.

Cimoli, M., G. Dosi and J. Stiglitz (eds.). 2009. Industrial Policy and Development. The Political Economy of Capabilities Accumulation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cimoli Mario y Gabriel Porcile. 2016. “Productivity and structural change: structuralism and its dialogue with other heterodox currents.” Pp. 205-221 in Neostructuralism and heterodox thinking in Latin America and the Caribbean in the early twenty-first century, edited by A. Bárcena and A. Prado. Santiago de Chile: ECLAC Books.

Ciplet, David, J. Timmons Roberts and Mizan Khan. 2015. Power in a Warming World: The New Global Politics of Climate Change and the Remaking of Environmental Inequality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Ciplet, David and J. Timmons Roberts. 2017. “Splintering South: Ecologically Unequal Exchange Theory in a Fragmented Global Climate.” Journal of World-Systems Research 23(2):372-398.

Clark, Rob. 2010. “World-System Mobility and Economic Growth, 1980-2000.” Social Forces 88(3):1123-1151.

Clark II, Woodrow and Grant Cooke. 2015. The Green Industrial Revolution. Energy, Engineering and Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

CNEA. 1980. Memoria Anual 1979. Buenos Aires: CNEA.

_____. 1982. Memoria Anual 1980. Buenos Aires: CNEA.

Correa, Carlos. 2005. “Can the TRIPS Agreement poster technology transfer to developing countries?” Pp. 227-256 in International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology Under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime, edited by K. Maskus and J. Reichman. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Deere, Carolyn. 2009. The Implementation Game. The TRIPS Agreement and the Global Politics of Intellectual Property Reform in Developing Countries. Oxford: Oxford University press.

Di Maio, Michele. 2009. “Industrial Policies in Developing Countries: History and Perspectives.” Pp. 107-143 in Industrial Policy and Development. The Political Economy of Capabilities Accumulation, edited by M. Cimoli, G. Dosi and J. Stiglitz. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dosi, Giovani. 1982. “Technological paradigms and technological trajectories.” Research Policy 11:147-162.

Drechsler, W., R. Kattel and E. Reinert (eds.). 2011. Techno-Economic Paradigms: Essays in Honour of Carlota Perez. Londres: Anthem.

El Cronista. 2016. “Fabricantes locales de molinos piden frenar la importación de equipos con arancel cero.” July 5. In: http://www.cronista.com/negocios/Fabricantes-locales-de-molinos-piden-frenar-la-importacionde-equipos-con-arancel-cero-20160705-0041.html. Retrieved November 21, 2016.

Ennis, Belén. 2017. “‘Cambio de firma’ en el RenovAr: de China y España a Gran Bretaña y los EE.UU.” OETEC, December 19. In: http://www.oetec.org/nota.php?id=2979&area=1. Retrieved December 24, 2017.

Ewing, Jeffrey. 2017. “Hollow Ecology: Ecological Modernization Theory and the Death of Nature.” Journal of World-System Research 23(1):126-155.

Freeman, Christopher and Luc Soete. 1997. The Economics of Industrial Innovation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gallagher, Kevin. 2016. The China Triangle. Latin America’s China Boom and the Fate of the Washington Consensus. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gandini, Nicolás. 2013. “Energías renovables: el Gobierno dará de baja a los proyectos sin financiamiento aprobado.” El Inversor Online, November 19. In: http://elinversoronline.com/2013/11/energias-renovables-el-gobierno-dara-de-baja-a-los-proyectos-sin-financiamiento-aprobado/. Retrieved December 24, 2016.

GGPK. 2016a. Green Growth Knowledge Platform. Annual Report 2014-2015. In: http://www.greengrowthknowledge.org/sites/default/files/Annual_Report_2014_2015.pdf. Retrieved December 30, 2016.

_____. 2016b. GGKP Strategic Plan and Work Programme 2016-2018. In: http://www.greengrowthknowledge.org/sites/default/files/WEB_Strategic_Work_Programme.pdf. Retrieved December 30, 2016.

Global Financial Integrity. 2017. Illicit Financial Flows to and from Developing Countries: 2005-2014. Washington, DC: GFI.

Giralt, Cecilia. 2011. “Energía eólica en Argentina: un análisis económico del derecho.” Letras verdes (9):64-86. In: http://wp.cedha.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Energa_Eolica_en_Argentina_Cecilia_Giral.pdf. Retrieved December 11, 2016.

Gunther, Marc. 2016. “What the green climate fund really means for international development.” Ensia, April 28. In: https://ensia.com/features/what-the-green-climate-fund-really-means-for-international-development/. Retrieved January 24, 2017.

Hartigan, K., C. Hinderstein, A. Newman and Sh. Squassoni. 2015. A New Approach to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle. Best Practices for Security, Nonproliferation, and Sustainable Nuclear Energy. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Harvey, David. 1989. The Condition of Postmodernity. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.

_____. 2014. Seventeen Contradictions and the Era of Capitalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fu, Xiaolan and Luc Soete. 2010. The Rise of Technological Power in the South. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Jacobs, Michael and Mariana Mazzucato. 2016. “Rethinking Capitalism: An Introduction.” Pp. 1-27 in Rethinking Capitalism: Economics and Policy for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth, edited by M. Jacobs and M. Mazzucato. Chichester, WSX: Wiley-Blackwell.

Jolly, Suyash, Petr Spodniak and R.P.J.M. Raven. 2017. “Institutional entrepreneurship in transforming energy systems towards sustainability: Wind energy in Finland and India.” Energy Research and Social Science 17:102-118.

Jorgenson, Andrew K. and Brett Clark. 2012. “Are the Economy and the Environment Decoupling? A Comparative International Study, 1960-2005.” The American Journal of Sociology 118(1):1-44.

Jorgenson, Andrew K. 2016a. “Environment, Development, and Ecologically Unequal Exchange.” Sustainability 8(3): 227. doi:10.3390/su8030227.

_____. 2016b. “The Sociology of Ecologically Unequal Exchange: Foreign Investment and Environmental Load Displacement: Summary of the Literature and Implications for Sustainability.” Journal of Political Ecology 23:334-349.

Kornblihtt, Alberto. 2017. “Where science and nonsense collide.” Nature 541:135.

Kregel, Jan. 2011. “Financial Experimentation, Technological Paradigm Revolutions and Financial Crisis.” Pp. 203-220 in Techno-Economic Paradigms: Essays in Honour of Carlota Perez, edited by W. Drechsler, R. Kattel and E. Reinert. Londres: Anthem.

La Política Online. 2016. “Pescarmona, el actor clave detrás de la ley de energía eólica que empujó Macri.” April 13. In: http://www.lapoliticaonline.com/nota/97032/. Retrieved November 21, 2016.

La Nación. 2016. “Macri lanzó un plan de energías renovables.” May 18. In: http://www.lanacion.com.ar/1899887-macri-lanzo-un-plan-de-energias-renovables. Retrieved November 20, 2016.

Maddison, Angus. 2007. Contours of the World Economy, I-2030 AD. Essays in Macro-Economic History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mansilla, Diego. 2011. “Reducir la dependencia.” Página/12, November 14. In: https://www.pagina12.com.ar/diario/economia/2-181174-2011-11-14.html. Retrieved December 24, 2016.

Martin, William (ed.). 1990. Semiperipheral States in the World-Economy. New York: Greenwood Press.

Mazzucato, Mariana. 2013. The Entrepreneurial State. Debunking Public vs. Private Sector Myth. London: Anthem Press.

_____. 2015. “The Green Entrepreneurial State.” SPRU Working Papers Series, 2015-29. Brighton: University of Sussex.

_____. 2016. “Innovation, the State and Patient Capital.” Pp. 98-118 in Rethinking Capitalism: Economics and Policy for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth, edited by M. Jacobs and M. Mazzucato. Chichester, WSX: Wiley-Blackwell.

McMichael, Philip. 2008. Development and Social Change: A Global Perspective. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.

Medhurst, Martin. 1997. “Atoms for Peace and Nuclear Hegemony: The Rhetorical Structure of a Cold War Campaign.” Armed Forces and Society 23:571-593.

Michalopoulos, Constantine. 2014. Emerging Powers in the WTO. Developing Countries and Trade in the 21st Century. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Michalski, Wolfgang. 1991. “Support Policies for Strategic Industries: An Introduction to the Main Issues.” Pp. 7-14 in Strategic Industries in Global Economies. Policy Issues for the 1990s, edited by OECD. Paris: OECD.

Mol, Arthur. 2002. “Ecological Modernization and the Global Economy.” Global Environmental Politics 2(2):92-115.

Moore, Jason. 2011. “Ecology, Capital, and the Nature of Our Times: Accumulation & Crisis in the Capitalist World-Ecology.” Journal of World-System Research 17(1):108-147.

_____. 2014. “The End of Cheap Nature. Or How I Learned to Stop Worrying about ‘The’ Environment and Love the Crisis of Capitalism.” Pp. 285-314 in Structures of the World Political Economy and the Future of Global Conflict and Cooperation, edited by C. Suter and C. Chase-Dunn. Berlin: LIT.

_____. 2016. “The rise of cheap nature.” Pp. 78-115 in Anthropocene or Capitalocene? Nature, History, and the Crisis of Capitalism, edited by J. Moore. Oakland, CA: PM Press.

Navia, T., A. Sewell and J. Avila. 2016. “Argentina Launches Innovative Renewables Program.” Renewable Energy World, June 30. In: http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/articles/2016/06/argentina-launches-innovative-renewables-program.html. Retrieved January 11, 2017.

Nguyen, Tu Thanh. 2010. Competition Law, Technology Transfer and the TRIPS Agreement. Implications for Developing Countries. Cheltenham, UK: Elgar.

Ortiz, Ricardo and Martín Schorr. 2006. “Crisis del Estado y pujas interburguesas. La economía política de la hiperinflación.” Pp. 461-510 in Los años de Alfonsín. ¿El poder de la democracia o la democracia del poder?, edited by A. Pucciarelli. Buenos Aires: Siglo Veintiuno.

Página/12. 2016. “El Gobierno lanzó un plan de energías renovables, a gusto de quien invierta.” May 18. In: https://www.pagina12.com.ar/diario/ultimas/20-299642-2016-05-18.html. Retrieved November 20, 2016.

Pavitt, Keith. 1984. “Sectoral patterns of technical change: Towards a taxonomy and a theory.” Research Policy 13:343-373.

Perez, Carlota. 2002. Technological Revolutions and Financial Capital. The Dynamics of Bubbles and Golden Ages. Cheltenham, UK: Elgar.

_____. 2004. “Technological revolutions, paradigm shifts and socio-institutional change.” Pp. 217-242 in Globalization, Economic Development and Inequality. An Alternative Perspective, edited by E. Reinert. Cheltenham, UK: Elgar.

_____. 2007. “Finance and technical change: a long term view.” Pp. 775-799 in Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics, edited by H. Hanusch and A. Pyka. Cheltenham, UK: Elgar.

_____. 2016. “Capitalism, Technology and a Green Global Golden Age: The Role of History in Helping to Shape the Future.” Pp. 191-217 in Rethinking Capitalism: Economics and Policy for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth, edited by M. Jacobs and M. Mazzucato. Chichester, WSX: Wiley-Blackwell.

Piebalgs, Andris. 2007. “Renewable energy: potential and benefits for developing countries.” Pp. 21-26 in Renewable energy: potential and benefits for developing countries, edited by S. Gardner, E. Thorpe and C. Vutz. Brussels: Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.

Proctor, Robert and Londa Schiebinger. 2008. Agnotology. The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Recalde, M., D. Bouille and L. Girardin. 2015. “Limitaciones para el desarrollo de energías renovables en Argentina.” Revista Problemas del Desarrollo 46(183):89-105.

Rey, Federico. 2013a. “Unidos por el viento.” Agencia TSS, November 19. In: http://www.unsam.edu.ar/tss/unidos-por-el-viento/. Retrieved November 21, 2016.

_____. 2013b. “Gigante de la Patagonia.” Agencia TSS, December 25. In: http://www.unsam.edu.ar/tss/gigante-de-la-patagonia/. Retrieved November 21, 2016.

_____. 2015. “Energías renovables en su laberinto.” Agencia TSS, March 12. In: http://www.unsam.edu.ar/tss/energias-renovables-en-su-laberinto/. Retrieved November 21, 2016.

Rossi, Antonio. 2013. “Energía verde: fracasó el plan de Enarsa y habrá nuevas licitaciones.” Clarín, December 8. In: http://www.clarin.com/politica/Energia-fracaso-Enarsa-nuevas-licitaciones_0_1043895670.html. Retrieved December 24, 2016.

Russo, Camila. 2017. “No. 1 Bond Salesman in Emerging Markets Wants a Tad More Respect.” Bloomberg Markets, October 2. In: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2017-10-02/would-you-buy-7-percent-bonds-from-this-guy. Retrieved October 10, 2017.

Rydge, James and Samuela Bassi. 2014. “Global Cooperation and Understanding to Accelerate Climate Action.” Pp. 1-22 in The global development of policy regimes to combat climate change, edited by N. Stern, A. Bowen and J. Whalley. New Jersey: World Scientific Publishing.

Semieniuk, Gregor and Mariana Mazzucato. 2016. “Financing Renewable Energy: Who Is Financing What and Why it Matters.” Technological Forecasting & Social Change. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2017.05.021.

Stiglitz, Jospeh. 2016. “Inequality and Economic Growth.” Pp. 134-155 in Rethinking Capitalism: Economics and Policy for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth, edited by M. Jacobs and M. Mazzucato. Chichester, WSX: Wiley-Blackwell.

Tang, Eric. 2007. “Limiting climate change: defining the challenge.” Pp. 41-44 in Renewable energy: potential and benefits for developing countries, edited by S. Gardner, E. Thorpe and C. Vutz. Brussels: Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.

The White House. 2016. “Statement by the Press Secretary on the President’s Travel to Cuba and Argentina.” February 18. In: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2016/02/18/statement-press-secretary-presidents-travel-cuba-and-argentina. Retrieved January 19, 2017.

Thombs, Ryan P. 2017. “The Paradoxical Relationship between Renewable Energy and Economic Growth: A Cross-National Panel Study, 1990-2013.” Journal of World-Systems Research 23(2):540-564.

Urgente24.com. 2016. “Pescarmona cedió el 65% a un fideicomiso y alguien le cantó piedra libre a Nicky Caputo.” October 1. In: http://www.urgente24.com/257345-pescarmona-cedio-el-65-a-un-fideicomiso-y-alguien-le-canto-piedra-libre-a-nicky-caputo. Retrieved November 20, 2016.

York, Richard and Julius Alexander Mcgee. 2017. “Does Renewable Energy Development Decouple Economic Growth from CO2 Emissions?” Socius 3:1-6.

Yülek, Murat. 2012. “Public Expenditures on Machinery and Equipment in Developing Countries: A Potential Driver of Technological Development and Industrialization.” Pp. 2-13 in Designing Public Procurement Policy in Developing Countries, edited by M. Yülek and T. Taylor. How to Foster Technology Transfer and Industrialization in the Global Economy. New York: Springer.

Zenghelis, Dimitri. 2016. “Decarbonisation: Innovation and the Economics of Climate Change.” Pp. 172-190 in Rethinking Capitalism: Economics and Policy for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth, edited by M. Jacobs and M. Mazzucato. Chichester, WSX: Wiley-Blackwell.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/jwsr.2018.700

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Diego Hurtado, Pablo Souza

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.