Do China’s Environmental Gains at Home Fuel Forest Loss Abroad?: A Cross-National Analysis

John M Shandra, Michael Restivo, Jamie M Sommer


The theory and empirical research on ecologically unequal exchange serves as the starting point for this study. We expand the research frontier it in a novel way by applying the theory to China and empirically testing if forestry export flows from low-and middle-income nations to China  are related to increased forest loss in the exporting nations. In doing so, we analyze data for 75 low-and middle-income nations using ordinary least squares regression and find support for our main hypothesis.


China; Ecologically unequal exchange; Forest loss

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