Timbuktu: A Lesson in Underdevelopment

  • Ricardo Pelizzo John Hopkins University


The present paper is a study of development which di?ers from other such studies in two major respects. First, rather than analyzing what factors have promoted the development of a previously underdeveloped area, I will try to assess what factors may lead to the decline of a previously highly developed area. In doing so, I will try to show that development is fragile and precarious, because it depends on both domestic/institutional and international/economic factors and conditions.
How to Cite
Pelizzo, R. (2001). Timbuktu: A Lesson in Underdevelopment. Journal of World-Systems Research, 7(2), 265-283. https://doi.org/10.5195/jwsr.2001.166
General Section